Nature-based Solutions (NbS) are defined by IUCN as “actions to protect, sustainably manage, and restore natural or modified ecosystems, that address societal challenges effectively and adaptively, simultaneously providing human well-being and biodiversity benefits”.
In our local context, these actions could include:
Tree planting and woodland creation
Wildflower meadow and biodiverse grassland creation
New wetlands and waterways
Wood meadow creation
Heathland creation and restoration
Changes in agricultural practice that enhance soils, purify and store water and reduce carbon emmissions such as the use of cover crops
For Nature-based solutions to continue to happen, it essential to have an area of land, relevant expertise to design balanced projects, funds to implement projects and the necessary skills to manage the newly created habitat.
Key measures of impact
Reducing the level of carbon in our atmosphere can help to reduce the warming of global temperatures.
Improving biodiversity can increase the number of native species and protect delicate ecosystems.
Protecting our water sources means reducing the level of metals, pesticides and sediments.
Restoring soil health can improve the soil's capacity to sustain plants, humans and other animals.